object(Predis\ServerException)#36 (7) { ["message":protected]=> string(201) "MISCONF Redis is configured to save RDB snapshots, but is currently not able to persist on disk. Commands that may modify the data set are disabled. Please check Redis logs for details about the error." ["string":"Exception":private]=> string(0) "" ["code":protected]=> int(0) ["file":protected]=> string(38) "/web/lib/techweb/lib/Predis/Client.php" ["line":protected]=> int(282) ["trace":"Exception":private]=> array(8) { [0]=> array(6) { ["file"]=> string(38) "/web/lib/techweb/lib/Predis/Client.php" ["line"]=> int(250) ["function"]=> string(15) "onResponseError" ["class"]=> string(13) "Predis\Client" ["type"]=> string(2) "->" ["args"]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(Predis\Command\StringSetExpire)#32 (1) { ["arguments":"Predis\Command\AbstractCommand":private]=> array(3) { [0]=> string(28) "techweb_www_article_27512041" [1]=> int(600) [2]=> string(14583) "{"contentid":"2751204","subtitle":"","author":"Brian Bergstein","editor":"\u8a79\u54f2","description":"1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c\u00b7\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002\n\n","content":"

1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c·\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002<\/p>\n

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\u867d\u7136\u81ea20\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u4ee5\u6765\uff0c\u56fa\u5b9a\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u624b\u81c2\u5c31\u5df2\u7ecf\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u4e2d\u6267\u884c\u91cd\u590d\u4efb\u52a1\uff0c\u4f46\u79fb\u52a8\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5374\u9c9c\u5c11\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002Shakey\u5c31\u662f\u4e00\u4e2a\u65e9\u671f\u7684\u4f8b\u5b50\u300221\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u672b\u548c70\u5e74\u4ee3\u521d\uff0cSRI International\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86Shakey\u8fd9\u79cd\u7b28\u91cd\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u3002\u4e3a\u4e86\u80fd\u5728\u5145\u6ee1\u5927\u578b\u969c\u788d\u7684\u623f\u95f4\u4e2d\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\uff0cShakey\u9700\u8981\u5f3a\u5927\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u80fd\u529b\u652f\u6301\u3002\u56e0\u6b64\uff0cShakey\u4e0e\u4e3b\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u901a\u8fc7\u65e0\u7ebf\u94fe\u63a5\u3002<\/p>\n

AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u8bd5\u56fe\u901a\u8fc7\u7b97\u6cd5\u7b80\u5316Shakey\u7684\u901a\u7528\u8bbe\u7f6e\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u7b97\u6cd5\u53ef\u4ee5\u826f\u597d\u7ed3\u5408\u673a\u5668\u7684\u603b\u4f53\u89c4\u5212\u80fd\u529b\u3002\u5b9e\u9645\u4e0a\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e00\u7814\u7a76\u7684\u8fdb\u5c55\u975e\u5e38\u7f13\u6162\u300220\u4e16\u7eaa70\u5e74\u4ee3\u540e\u671f\uff0c\u65af\u5766\u798f\u5927\u5b66\u7684\u6c49\u65af·\u83ab\u62c9\u7ef4\u514b\uff08Hans Moravec\uff09\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u4e00\u79cd\u63a8\u8f66\uff0c\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u505c\u8f66\u3001\u62cd\u7167\u548c\u89c4\u5212\u4e0b\u4e00\u6b65\u52a8\u4f5c\u4e4b\u524d\u7ee7\u7eed\u884c\u8fdb\u4e00\u6bb5\u65f6\u95f4\u3002\u8fd9\u8f86\u8f66\u53ef\u4ee5\u907f\u5f00\u623f\u95f4\u91cc\u7684\u969c\u788d\u7269\uff0c\u4f46\u6bcf15\u5206\u949f\u53ea\u524d\u8fdb\u4e00\u7c73\u3002<\/p>\n

1984\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u91c7\u7528\u4e86\u5927\u81f4\u76f8\u4f3c\u7684\u601d\u8def\u3002\u5728\u4e00\u4e2a\u9879\u76ee\u4e2d\uff0c\u4ed6\u6b63\u5728\u7814\u7a76\u5f53\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u66f4\u65b0\u5468\u56f4\u73af\u5883\u5730\u56fe\u65f6\uff0c\u5982\u4f55\u4f7f\u7528\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u6cd5\u89e3\u91ca\u5176\u8fd0\u52a8\u7684\u4e0d\u7cbe\u786e\u6027\u3002\u4ed6\u56de\u5fc6\u9053\uff0c\u5728\u4e0e\u5f53\u65f6\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u5c0f\u513f\u5b50\u53bb\u6cf0\u56fd\u524d\u4e00\u4e2a\u6708\uff0c\u4ed6\u5728\u4e00\u5f20\u7eb8\u4e0a\u5199\u6ee1\u4e86\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u7a0b\u5f0f\uff0c\u4ed6\u79f0\u4e4b\u4e3a“\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u6700\u65e0\u804a\u7684\u7eb8”\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u6fb3\u5927\u5229\u4e9a\u957f\u5927\u7684\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5e76\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u6cf0\u8bed\u3002\u800c\u4ed6\u59bb\u5b50\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u5f53\u6211\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u5979\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u5728\u4e00\u8d77\u65f6\uff0c\u5979\u4e0d\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u6240\u4ee5\u6211\u53ea\u80fd\u5750\u5728\u90a3\u91cc\u53d1\u5446\uff0c\u82b1\u65f6\u95f4\u53bb\u601d\u8003\uff0c\u5728\u70ed\u6d6a\u4e2d\u505a\u767d\u65e5\u68a6\u3002\u6211\u542c\u7740\u6606\u866b\u55e1\u55e1\u4f5c\u54cd\u3002\u6211\u60f3\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u53ea\u6709\u4e00\u4e9b\u5f88\u5c0f\u7684\u8111\u888b\uff0c\u6709\u4e9b\u53ea\u670910\u4e07\u4e2a\u5c0f\u795e\u7ecf\u5143\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e0d\u53ef\u80fd\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u6570\u5b66\u8ba1\u7b97\u3002\u4f46\u4ed6\u4eec\u80fd\u6253\u730e\u3001\u5403\u4e1c\u897f\u3001\u4ea4\u914d\uff0c\u5e76\u4e14\u5728\u6211\u6253\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u65f6\u5019\u4f1a\u8df3\u5f00\uff0c\u800c\u6211\u53ea\u5e0c\u671b\u6211\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u66f4\u7b80\u5355\u7684\u4e8b\u60c5\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u662f\u600e\u4e48\u505a\u5230\u8fd9\u4e9b\u4e8b\u60c5\u7684\u5462\uff1f\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u8eab\u4f53\u5404\u4e2a\u90e8\u5206\u7684\u7ed3\u6784\u7ec4\u7ec7\u4e00\u5b9a\u4e0d\u540c\u3002”<\/p>\n

“\u8fd9\u5c31\u662f\u6211\u7075\u611f\u7684\u8d77\u70b9\u3002”<\/p>\n

\u6606\u866b\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bc4\u4f30\u6bcf\u79cd\u60c5\u51b5\uff0c\u8003\u8651\u5404\u79cd\u9009\u9879\uff0c\u7136\u540e\u8ba1\u5212\u6bcf\u6b21\u52a8\u4f5c\u3002\u76f8\u53cd\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u5927\u8111\u4f9d\u9760\u7ecf\u8fc7\u6570\u4ebf\u5e74\u78e8\u7ec3\u7684\u53cd\u9988\u5faa\u73af\u9a71\u52a8\u3002\u611f\u5b98\u4fe1\u606f\u4f7f\u4ed6\u4eec\u4ee5\u7279\u5b9a\u7684\u65b9\u5f0f\u4f5c\u51fa\u53cd\u5e94\uff1b\u8fd9\u4e9b\u53cd\u5e94\u76f8\u4e92\u7ec4\u5408\u4ea7\u751f\u4e86\u5feb\u901f\u3001\u51c6\u786e\u7684\u884c\u4e3a\u3002\u56e0\u6b64\uff0c\u5f53\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u56de\u5230\u5251\u6865\u65f6\uff0c\u4ed6\u4e0d\u518d\u5c1d\u8bd5\u7528\u590d\u6742\u7684\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u6cd5\u7f16\u5199\u673a\u5668\u4eba\uff0c\u76f8\u53cd\uff0c\u4ed6\u5f00\u59cb\u4f7f\u7528\u7b80\u5355\u7684\u89c4\u5219\u7f16\u5199\u8f6f\u4ef6\u3002<\/p>\n

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\u5728\u7f3a\u5c11\u9884\u5224\u7684\u524d\u63d0\u4e0b\uff0cAllen\u5b8c\u6210\u4e86\u6240\u6709\u6307\u4ee4\uff0c\u56e0\u4e3a\u6bcf\u7ec4\u4f20\u611f\u5668\u90fd\u83b7\u5f97\u4e86\u8db3\u591f\u7684\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u4ece\u800c\u8c03\u6574\u5176\u4ed6\u4e24\u5c42\u53cd\u9988\u5728\u8fdb\u884c\u7684\u5185\u5bb9\u3002\u8fd9\u4f7f\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u7684\u4e00\u4e9bAI\u524d\u8f88\u4eec\u56f0\u6270\u4e0d\u5df2\uff0c\u51e0\u5341\u5e74\u6765\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u4e3a\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u5904\u7406\u7684\u601d\u7ef4\u4e0e\u884c\u52a8\u7684\u8c61\u5f81\u6027\u8868\u5f81\u800c\u52aa\u529b\u3002\u4e24\u4f4d\u8457\u540d\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u540e\u6765\u544a\u8bc9\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff0c\u5f53\u4ed6\u5728\u67d0\u6b21\u4f1a\u8bae\u4e0a\u4ecb\u7ecdAllen\u65f6\uff0c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4eba\u66fe\u5411\u53e6\u4e00\u4e2a\u4eba\u8033\u8bed\u9053\uff1a“\u4e3a\u4ec0\u4e48\u8fd9\u4e2a\u5e74\u8f7b\u4eba\u8981\u629b\u5f03\u81ea\u5df1\u7684\u524d\u9014\uff1f”<\/p>\n

\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6ca1\u6709\u88ab\u5413\u9000\uff0c\u4ed6\u590d\u5236\u4e86Allen\u5728Tom and Jerry\u73a9\u5177\u8f66\u4e2d\u7684\u52a8\u4f5c\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u4ed6\u5236\u9020\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u68c0\u6d4b\u5e76\u6361\u8d77\u6c7d\u6c34\u7f50\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaHerbert\u548c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4e00\u516c\u65a4\u91cd\u7684\u516d\u6761\u817f\u673a\u5668\u4ebaGenghis\uff0c\u540e\u8005\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u4e0d\u5e73\u5766\u7684\u5730\u9762\u4e0a\u5feb\u901f\u79fb\u52a8\u3002<\/p>\n

1990\u5e74\uff0c\u5728\u4e00\u7bc7\u540d\u4e3a\u300aElephants Don’t Play Chess\u300b\u7684\u8bba\u6587\u4e2d\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8ba4\u4e3a\u4ed6\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u63ed\u793a\u4e86\u7ecf\u5178AI\u65b9\u6cd5\u7684\u7f3a\u70b9\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u65b9\u6cd5\u53ea\u662f\u5c06\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u590d\u6742\u6a21\u578b\u585e\u8fdb\u4e86\u65e0\u5b9e\u4f53\u7684\u7535\u5b50\u5927\u8111\u3002\u4e3a\u4ec0\u4e48\u4e0d\u8ba9\u673a\u5668\u81ea\u5df1\u53bb\u63a2\u7d22\u4e16\u754c\u5462\uff1f\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5199\u9053\uff1a“\u4e16\u754c\u5c31\u662f\u81ea\u5df1\u6700\u597d\u7684\u8001\u5e08\u3002\u4e16\u754c\u59cb\u7ec8\u662f\u6700\u65b0\u7684\uff0c\u5305\u542b\u7740\u6240\u6709\u6700\u65b0\u7684\u7ec6\u8282\u3002\u79d8\u8bc0\u5c31\u5728\u4e8e\u5bf9\u4e16\u754c\u9002\u5f53\u5730\u611f\u77e5\u3002”<\/p>\n

\u7ecf\u5178AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u4f1a\u62a8\u51fb\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u7684\u7b80\u5355\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u529f\u80fd\u6709\u9650\u3002\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8868\u793a\uff0c\u901a\u8fc7\u66f4\u590d\u6742\u7684\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u4ed6\u7684\u673a\u5668\u53ef\u4ee5\u6267\u884c\u66f4\u590d\u6742\u7684\u4efb\u52a1\u3002“\u540c\u6837\uff0c\u56e0\u4e3a\u5927\u8c61\u4e0d\u4e0b\u68cb\u5c31\u8ba4\u4e3a\u5927\u8c61\u4e0d\u503c\u5f97\u7814\u7a76\uff0c\u8fd9\u6837\u7684\u8bba\u65ad\u662f\u4e0d\u516c\u5e73\u7684\uff0c”\u4ed6\u5199\u9053\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8bc1\u660e\u4e86\u4ed6\u5728iRobot\u65f6\u63d0\u51fa\u7684\u89c2\u70b9\u3002iRobot\u7531\u4ed6\u4e0e\u4ed6\u7684\u4e24\u4e2a\u5b66\u751f\uff0c\u79d1\u6797·\u5b89\u683c\u5c14\uff08Helen Greiner\uff09\u548c\u6d77\u4f26·\u683c\u96f7\u7eb3\uff08Colin Angle \uff09\u4e8e1990\u5e74\u5171\u540c\u521b\u7acb\u3002iRobot\u4e3a\u7f8e\u56fd\u519b\u65b9\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u7528\u4e8e\u68c0\u6d4b\u548c\u6467\u6bc1\u5730\u96f7\u3001\u641c\u7d22\u788e\u77f3\uff0c\u6216\u4e3a\u58eb\u5175\u643a\u5e26\u88c5\u5907\u7684\u79fb\u52a8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\uff0c\u5e76\u4e8e2002\u5e74\u53d1\u5e03\u4e86Roomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u8fd8\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u6e05\u7406\u6392\u6c34\u6c9f\u3001\u5730\u677f\u3001\u6e38\u6cf3\u6c60\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u622a\u81f3\u76ee\u524d\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u5df2\u552e\u51fa2500\u4e07\u53f0\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u57282008\u5e74\u8054\u5408\u521b\u529e\u7684Rethink Robotics\u516c\u53f8\u5e76\u6ca1\u6709\u50cfiRobot\u4e00\u6837\u6210\u529f\u3002Rethink\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u548c\u5305\u88c5\u8bbe\u65bd\u4e2d\u4e0e\u4eba\u7c7b\u5171\u4e8b\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaBaxter\u548cSawyer\u3002\u4f46\u8fd9\u4e24\u6b3e\u4ea7\u54c1\u9700\u6c42\u75b2\u8f6f\uff0c\u53bb\u5e74\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u51fa\u552e\u4e86\u8fd9\u9879\u6280\u672f\u3002 \u76ee\u524d\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6b63\u5728\u521b\u529e\u4e00\u5bb6\u540d\u4e3aRobust.AI\u7684\u521b\u4e1a\u516c\u53f8\uff0c\u81f4\u529b\u4e8e\u4e3a\u4e00\u7cfb\u5217\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5f00\u53d1\u8f6f\u4ef6\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u8fc7\u53bb\u5341\u5e74\u4e2d\uff0c\u867d\u7136\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u79d1\u5b66\u5bb6\u901a\u8fc7\u795e\u7ecf\u7f51\u7edc\u548c\u5176\u4ed6AI\u6280\u672f\u53d6\u5f97\u4e86\u4ee4\u4eba\u77a9\u76ee\u7684\u8fdb\u6b65\uff0c\u4f46\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4ecd\u575a\u6301\u8ba4\u4e3a\u673a\u5668\u4e0d\u4f1a\u6210\u4e3a\u771f\u6b63\u7684\u667a\u80fd\u4ee3\u7406\uff0c\u9664\u975e\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e5f\u4e0e\u4e16\u754c\u8fdb\u884c\u7269\u7406\u63a5\u89e6\u3002\u8fd9\u79cd\u89c2\u5ff5\u4e0e\u6280\u672f\u4e13\u5bb6\u53d1\u751f\u51b2\u7a81\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u8ba4\u4e3a\u8d85\u5f3aAI\u65f6\u4ee3\u5373\u5c06\u6765\u4e34\uff0c\u4f46\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4ece\u672a\u60f3\u8fc7\u9006\u52bf\u800c\u884c\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u8bb8\u591a\u4eba\u629b\u5f03\u524d\u7a0b\u4f7f\u79d1\u5b66\u6280\u672f\u6210\u4e3a\u73b0\u5b9e\uff0c\u6211\u4eec\u65e0\u6cd5\u77e5\u6653\u8c01\u5c06\u83b7\u5f97\u6210\u529f\u3002\u8fd9\u662f\u4e00\u573a\u9700\u8981\u8017\u8d39\u5927\u91cf\u7cbe\u529b\u7684\u8d4c\u535a\uff0c\u4e5f\u8bb8\u6709\u4e00\u5929\u4eba\u4eec\u7684\u4ed8\u51fa\u4f1a\u83b7\u5f97\u56de\u62a5\u3002”<\/p>","pagecount":"0","saveremoteimage":"1","related":"0","modelid":"1","catid":"473","proid":null,"title":"\u73b0\u4ee3\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u4e4b\u7236\uff1a\u8d85\u5f3aAI\u53ea\u662f\u5e7b\u60f3 \u4eba\u7c7b\u5e94\u5f53\u987a\u52bf\u800c\u4e3a","url":"http:\/\/ai.techweb.com.cn\/2019-08-26\/2751204.shtml","thumb":"2019\/0826\/1566781268677.jpg","tags":["\u673a\u5668\u4eba","AI","\u73b0\u4ee3\u673a\u5668\u4eba"],"sourceid":"5641","source_link":"https:\/\/www.lieyunwang.com\/archives\/458191","published":"1566781269","sourcename":"\u730e\u4e91\u7f51","siteNav":{"473":{"catid":"473","url":"http:\/\/ai.techweb.com.cn","alias":"ai","name":"\u4eba\u5de5\u667a\u80fd"}}}" } } [1]=> object(Predis\ResponseError)#33 (1) { ["message":"Predis\ResponseError":private]=> string(201) "MISCONF Redis is configured to save RDB snapshots, but is currently not able to persist on disk. Commands that may modify the data set are disabled. Please check Redis logs for details about the error." } } } [1]=> array(6) { ["file"]=> string(38) "/web/lib/techweb/lib/Predis/Client.php" ["line"]=> int(228) ["function"]=> string(14) "executeCommand" ["class"]=> string(13) "Predis\Client" ["type"]=> string(2) "->" ["args"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(Predis\Command\StringSetExpire)#32 (1) { ["arguments":"Predis\Command\AbstractCommand":private]=> array(3) { [0]=> string(28) "techweb_www_article_27512041" [1]=> int(600) [2]=> string(14583) "{"contentid":"2751204","subtitle":"","author":"Brian Bergstein","editor":"\u8a79\u54f2","description":"1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c\u00b7\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002\n\n","content":"

1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c·\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002<\/p>\n

\u90a3\u4e00\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5373\u5c06\u6b65\u5165\u800c\u7acb\u3002\u4f5c\u4e3a\u9ebb\u7701\u7406\u5de5\u5b66\u9662\u7684\u4e00\u540d\u65b0\u6210\u5458\uff0c\u4ed6\u52aa\u529b\u4f7f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5728\u4e16\u754c\u8303\u56f4\u5185\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002\u5982\u679c\u53ef\u4ee5\uff0c\u4ed6\u53ef\u80fd\u4f1a\u5e0c\u671b\u79d1\u5e7b\u5c0f\u8bf4\u4e2d\u7684\u573a\u666f\u6210\u4e3a\u73b0\u5b9e\uff1a\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8fdb\u5165\u5371\u9669\u7684\u5730\u65b9\uff0c\u63a2\u7d22\u5468\u56f4\u7684\u60c5\u5f62\uff0c\u6216\u8005\u6253\u626b\u6211\u4eec\u7684\u623f\u5c4b\u3002<\/p>\n

\u867d\u7136\u81ea20\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u4ee5\u6765\uff0c\u56fa\u5b9a\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u624b\u81c2\u5c31\u5df2\u7ecf\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u4e2d\u6267\u884c\u91cd\u590d\u4efb\u52a1\uff0c\u4f46\u79fb\u52a8\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5374\u9c9c\u5c11\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002Shakey\u5c31\u662f\u4e00\u4e2a\u65e9\u671f\u7684\u4f8b\u5b50\u300221\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u672b\u548c70\u5e74\u4ee3\u521d\uff0cSRI International\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86Shakey\u8fd9\u79cd\u7b28\u91cd\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u3002\u4e3a\u4e86\u80fd\u5728\u5145\u6ee1\u5927\u578b\u969c\u788d\u7684\u623f\u95f4\u4e2d\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\uff0cShakey\u9700\u8981\u5f3a\u5927\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u80fd\u529b\u652f\u6301\u3002\u56e0\u6b64\uff0cShakey\u4e0e\u4e3b\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u901a\u8fc7\u65e0\u7ebf\u94fe\u63a5\u3002<\/p>\n

AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u8bd5\u56fe\u901a\u8fc7\u7b97\u6cd5\u7b80\u5316Shakey\u7684\u901a\u7528\u8bbe\u7f6e\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u7b97\u6cd5\u53ef\u4ee5\u826f\u597d\u7ed3\u5408\u673a\u5668\u7684\u603b\u4f53\u89c4\u5212\u80fd\u529b\u3002\u5b9e\u9645\u4e0a\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e00\u7814\u7a76\u7684\u8fdb\u5c55\u975e\u5e38\u7f13\u6162\u300220\u4e16\u7eaa70\u5e74\u4ee3\u540e\u671f\uff0c\u65af\u5766\u798f\u5927\u5b66\u7684\u6c49\u65af·\u83ab\u62c9\u7ef4\u514b\uff08Hans Moravec\uff09\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u4e00\u79cd\u63a8\u8f66\uff0c\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u505c\u8f66\u3001\u62cd\u7167\u548c\u89c4\u5212\u4e0b\u4e00\u6b65\u52a8\u4f5c\u4e4b\u524d\u7ee7\u7eed\u884c\u8fdb\u4e00\u6bb5\u65f6\u95f4\u3002\u8fd9\u8f86\u8f66\u53ef\u4ee5\u907f\u5f00\u623f\u95f4\u91cc\u7684\u969c\u788d\u7269\uff0c\u4f46\u6bcf15\u5206\u949f\u53ea\u524d\u8fdb\u4e00\u7c73\u3002<\/p>\n

1984\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u91c7\u7528\u4e86\u5927\u81f4\u76f8\u4f3c\u7684\u601d\u8def\u3002\u5728\u4e00\u4e2a\u9879\u76ee\u4e2d\uff0c\u4ed6\u6b63\u5728\u7814\u7a76\u5f53\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u66f4\u65b0\u5468\u56f4\u73af\u5883\u5730\u56fe\u65f6\uff0c\u5982\u4f55\u4f7f\u7528\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u6cd5\u89e3\u91ca\u5176\u8fd0\u52a8\u7684\u4e0d\u7cbe\u786e\u6027\u3002\u4ed6\u56de\u5fc6\u9053\uff0c\u5728\u4e0e\u5f53\u65f6\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u5c0f\u513f\u5b50\u53bb\u6cf0\u56fd\u524d\u4e00\u4e2a\u6708\uff0c\u4ed6\u5728\u4e00\u5f20\u7eb8\u4e0a\u5199\u6ee1\u4e86\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u7a0b\u5f0f\uff0c\u4ed6\u79f0\u4e4b\u4e3a“\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u6700\u65e0\u804a\u7684\u7eb8”\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u6fb3\u5927\u5229\u4e9a\u957f\u5927\u7684\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5e76\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u6cf0\u8bed\u3002\u800c\u4ed6\u59bb\u5b50\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u5f53\u6211\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u5979\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u5728\u4e00\u8d77\u65f6\uff0c\u5979\u4e0d\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u6240\u4ee5\u6211\u53ea\u80fd\u5750\u5728\u90a3\u91cc\u53d1\u5446\uff0c\u82b1\u65f6\u95f4\u53bb\u601d\u8003\uff0c\u5728\u70ed\u6d6a\u4e2d\u505a\u767d\u65e5\u68a6\u3002\u6211\u542c\u7740\u6606\u866b\u55e1\u55e1\u4f5c\u54cd\u3002\u6211\u60f3\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u53ea\u6709\u4e00\u4e9b\u5f88\u5c0f\u7684\u8111\u888b\uff0c\u6709\u4e9b\u53ea\u670910\u4e07\u4e2a\u5c0f\u795e\u7ecf\u5143\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e0d\u53ef\u80fd\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u6570\u5b66\u8ba1\u7b97\u3002\u4f46\u4ed6\u4eec\u80fd\u6253\u730e\u3001\u5403\u4e1c\u897f\u3001\u4ea4\u914d\uff0c\u5e76\u4e14\u5728\u6211\u6253\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u65f6\u5019\u4f1a\u8df3\u5f00\uff0c\u800c\u6211\u53ea\u5e0c\u671b\u6211\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u66f4\u7b80\u5355\u7684\u4e8b\u60c5\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u662f\u600e\u4e48\u505a\u5230\u8fd9\u4e9b\u4e8b\u60c5\u7684\u5462\uff1f\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u8eab\u4f53\u5404\u4e2a\u90e8\u5206\u7684\u7ed3\u6784\u7ec4\u7ec7\u4e00\u5b9a\u4e0d\u540c\u3002”<\/p>\n

“\u8fd9\u5c31\u662f\u6211\u7075\u611f\u7684\u8d77\u70b9\u3002”<\/p>\n

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\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6ca1\u6709\u88ab\u5413\u9000\uff0c\u4ed6\u590d\u5236\u4e86Allen\u5728Tom and Jerry\u73a9\u5177\u8f66\u4e2d\u7684\u52a8\u4f5c\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u4ed6\u5236\u9020\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u68c0\u6d4b\u5e76\u6361\u8d77\u6c7d\u6c34\u7f50\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaHerbert\u548c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4e00\u516c\u65a4\u91cd\u7684\u516d\u6761\u817f\u673a\u5668\u4ebaGenghis\uff0c\u540e\u8005\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u4e0d\u5e73\u5766\u7684\u5730\u9762\u4e0a\u5feb\u901f\u79fb\u52a8\u3002<\/p>\n

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\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8bc1\u660e\u4e86\u4ed6\u5728iRobot\u65f6\u63d0\u51fa\u7684\u89c2\u70b9\u3002iRobot\u7531\u4ed6\u4e0e\u4ed6\u7684\u4e24\u4e2a\u5b66\u751f\uff0c\u79d1\u6797·\u5b89\u683c\u5c14\uff08Helen Greiner\uff09\u548c\u6d77\u4f26·\u683c\u96f7\u7eb3\uff08Colin Angle \uff09\u4e8e1990\u5e74\u5171\u540c\u521b\u7acb\u3002iRobot\u4e3a\u7f8e\u56fd\u519b\u65b9\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u7528\u4e8e\u68c0\u6d4b\u548c\u6467\u6bc1\u5730\u96f7\u3001\u641c\u7d22\u788e\u77f3\uff0c\u6216\u4e3a\u58eb\u5175\u643a\u5e26\u88c5\u5907\u7684\u79fb\u52a8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\uff0c\u5e76\u4e8e2002\u5e74\u53d1\u5e03\u4e86Roomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u8fd8\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u6e05\u7406\u6392\u6c34\u6c9f\u3001\u5730\u677f\u3001\u6e38\u6cf3\u6c60\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u622a\u81f3\u76ee\u524d\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u5df2\u552e\u51fa2500\u4e07\u53f0\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u57282008\u5e74\u8054\u5408\u521b\u529e\u7684Rethink Robotics\u516c\u53f8\u5e76\u6ca1\u6709\u50cfiRobot\u4e00\u6837\u6210\u529f\u3002Rethink\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u548c\u5305\u88c5\u8bbe\u65bd\u4e2d\u4e0e\u4eba\u7c7b\u5171\u4e8b\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaBaxter\u548cSawyer\u3002\u4f46\u8fd9\u4e24\u6b3e\u4ea7\u54c1\u9700\u6c42\u75b2\u8f6f\uff0c\u53bb\u5e74\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u51fa\u552e\u4e86\u8fd9\u9879\u6280\u672f\u3002 \u76ee\u524d\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6b63\u5728\u521b\u529e\u4e00\u5bb6\u540d\u4e3aRobust.AI\u7684\u521b\u4e1a\u516c\u53f8\uff0c\u81f4\u529b\u4e8e\u4e3a\u4e00\u7cfb\u5217\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5f00\u53d1\u8f6f\u4ef6\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u8fc7\u53bb\u5341\u5e74\u4e2d\uff0c\u867d\u7136\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u79d1\u5b66\u5bb6\u901a\u8fc7\u795e\u7ecf\u7f51\u7edc\u548c\u5176\u4ed6AI\u6280\u672f\u53d6\u5f97\u4e86\u4ee4\u4eba\u77a9\u76ee\u7684\u8fdb\u6b65\uff0c\u4f46\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4ecd\u575a\u6301\u8ba4\u4e3a\u673a\u5668\u4e0d\u4f1a\u6210\u4e3a\u771f\u6b63\u7684\u667a\u80fd\u4ee3\u7406\uff0c\u9664\u975e\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e5f\u4e0e\u4e16\u754c\u8fdb\u884c\u7269\u7406\u63a5\u89e6\u3002\u8fd9\u79cd\u89c2\u5ff5\u4e0e\u6280\u672f\u4e13\u5bb6\u53d1\u751f\u51b2\u7a81\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u8ba4\u4e3a\u8d85\u5f3aAI\u65f6\u4ee3\u5373\u5c06\u6765\u4e34\uff0c\u4f46\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4ece\u672a\u60f3\u8fc7\u9006\u52bf\u800c\u884c\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u8bb8\u591a\u4eba\u629b\u5f03\u524d\u7a0b\u4f7f\u79d1\u5b66\u6280\u672f\u6210\u4e3a\u73b0\u5b9e\uff0c\u6211\u4eec\u65e0\u6cd5\u77e5\u6653\u8c01\u5c06\u83b7\u5f97\u6210\u529f\u3002\u8fd9\u662f\u4e00\u573a\u9700\u8981\u8017\u8d39\u5927\u91cf\u7cbe\u529b\u7684\u8d4c\u535a\uff0c\u4e5f\u8bb8\u6709\u4e00\u5929\u4eba\u4eec\u7684\u4ed8\u51fa\u4f1a\u83b7\u5f97\u56de\u62a5\u3002”<\/p>","pagecount":"0","saveremoteimage":"1","related":"0","modelid":"1","catid":"473","proid":null,"title":"\u73b0\u4ee3\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u4e4b\u7236\uff1a\u8d85\u5f3aAI\u53ea\u662f\u5e7b\u60f3 \u4eba\u7c7b\u5e94\u5f53\u987a\u52bf\u800c\u4e3a","url":"http:\/\/ai.techweb.com.cn\/2019-08-26\/2751204.shtml","thumb":"2019\/0826\/1566781268677.jpg","tags":["\u673a\u5668\u4eba","AI","\u73b0\u4ee3\u673a\u5668\u4eba"],"sourceid":"5641","source_link":"https:\/\/www.lieyunwang.com\/archives\/458191","published":"1566781269","sourcename":"\u730e\u4e91\u7f51","siteNav":{"473":{"catid":"473","url":"http:\/\/ai.techweb.com.cn","alias":"ai","name":"\u4eba\u5de5\u667a\u80fd"}}}" } } } } [2]=> array(6) { ["file"]=> string(58) "/web/site/techweb.com.cn/library/techweb/model/content.php" ["line"]=> int(148) ["function"]=> string(6) "__call" ["class"]=> string(13) "Predis\Client" ["type"]=> string(2) "->" ["args"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(5) "setex" [1]=> array(3) { [0]=> string(28) "techweb_www_article_27512041" [1]=> int(600) [2]=> string(14583) "{"contentid":"2751204","subtitle":"","author":"Brian Bergstein","editor":"\u8a79\u54f2","description":"1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c\u00b7\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002\n\n","content":"

1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c·\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002<\/p>\n

\u90a3\u4e00\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5373\u5c06\u6b65\u5165\u800c\u7acb\u3002\u4f5c\u4e3a\u9ebb\u7701\u7406\u5de5\u5b66\u9662\u7684\u4e00\u540d\u65b0\u6210\u5458\uff0c\u4ed6\u52aa\u529b\u4f7f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5728\u4e16\u754c\u8303\u56f4\u5185\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002\u5982\u679c\u53ef\u4ee5\uff0c\u4ed6\u53ef\u80fd\u4f1a\u5e0c\u671b\u79d1\u5e7b\u5c0f\u8bf4\u4e2d\u7684\u573a\u666f\u6210\u4e3a\u73b0\u5b9e\uff1a\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8fdb\u5165\u5371\u9669\u7684\u5730\u65b9\uff0c\u63a2\u7d22\u5468\u56f4\u7684\u60c5\u5f62\uff0c\u6216\u8005\u6253\u626b\u6211\u4eec\u7684\u623f\u5c4b\u3002<\/p>\n

\u867d\u7136\u81ea20\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u4ee5\u6765\uff0c\u56fa\u5b9a\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u624b\u81c2\u5c31\u5df2\u7ecf\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u4e2d\u6267\u884c\u91cd\u590d\u4efb\u52a1\uff0c\u4f46\u79fb\u52a8\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5374\u9c9c\u5c11\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002Shakey\u5c31\u662f\u4e00\u4e2a\u65e9\u671f\u7684\u4f8b\u5b50\u300221\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u672b\u548c70\u5e74\u4ee3\u521d\uff0cSRI International\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86Shakey\u8fd9\u79cd\u7b28\u91cd\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u3002\u4e3a\u4e86\u80fd\u5728\u5145\u6ee1\u5927\u578b\u969c\u788d\u7684\u623f\u95f4\u4e2d\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\uff0cShakey\u9700\u8981\u5f3a\u5927\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u80fd\u529b\u652f\u6301\u3002\u56e0\u6b64\uff0cShakey\u4e0e\u4e3b\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u901a\u8fc7\u65e0\u7ebf\u94fe\u63a5\u3002<\/p>\n

AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u8bd5\u56fe\u901a\u8fc7\u7b97\u6cd5\u7b80\u5316Shakey\u7684\u901a\u7528\u8bbe\u7f6e\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u7b97\u6cd5\u53ef\u4ee5\u826f\u597d\u7ed3\u5408\u673a\u5668\u7684\u603b\u4f53\u89c4\u5212\u80fd\u529b\u3002\u5b9e\u9645\u4e0a\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e00\u7814\u7a76\u7684\u8fdb\u5c55\u975e\u5e38\u7f13\u6162\u300220\u4e16\u7eaa70\u5e74\u4ee3\u540e\u671f\uff0c\u65af\u5766\u798f\u5927\u5b66\u7684\u6c49\u65af·\u83ab\u62c9\u7ef4\u514b\uff08Hans Moravec\uff09\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u4e00\u79cd\u63a8\u8f66\uff0c\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u505c\u8f66\u3001\u62cd\u7167\u548c\u89c4\u5212\u4e0b\u4e00\u6b65\u52a8\u4f5c\u4e4b\u524d\u7ee7\u7eed\u884c\u8fdb\u4e00\u6bb5\u65f6\u95f4\u3002\u8fd9\u8f86\u8f66\u53ef\u4ee5\u907f\u5f00\u623f\u95f4\u91cc\u7684\u969c\u788d\u7269\uff0c\u4f46\u6bcf15\u5206\u949f\u53ea\u524d\u8fdb\u4e00\u7c73\u3002<\/p>\n

1984\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u91c7\u7528\u4e86\u5927\u81f4\u76f8\u4f3c\u7684\u601d\u8def\u3002\u5728\u4e00\u4e2a\u9879\u76ee\u4e2d\uff0c\u4ed6\u6b63\u5728\u7814\u7a76\u5f53\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u66f4\u65b0\u5468\u56f4\u73af\u5883\u5730\u56fe\u65f6\uff0c\u5982\u4f55\u4f7f\u7528\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u6cd5\u89e3\u91ca\u5176\u8fd0\u52a8\u7684\u4e0d\u7cbe\u786e\u6027\u3002\u4ed6\u56de\u5fc6\u9053\uff0c\u5728\u4e0e\u5f53\u65f6\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u5c0f\u513f\u5b50\u53bb\u6cf0\u56fd\u524d\u4e00\u4e2a\u6708\uff0c\u4ed6\u5728\u4e00\u5f20\u7eb8\u4e0a\u5199\u6ee1\u4e86\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u7a0b\u5f0f\uff0c\u4ed6\u79f0\u4e4b\u4e3a“\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u6700\u65e0\u804a\u7684\u7eb8”\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u6fb3\u5927\u5229\u4e9a\u957f\u5927\u7684\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5e76\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u6cf0\u8bed\u3002\u800c\u4ed6\u59bb\u5b50\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u5f53\u6211\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u5979\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u5728\u4e00\u8d77\u65f6\uff0c\u5979\u4e0d\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u6240\u4ee5\u6211\u53ea\u80fd\u5750\u5728\u90a3\u91cc\u53d1\u5446\uff0c\u82b1\u65f6\u95f4\u53bb\u601d\u8003\uff0c\u5728\u70ed\u6d6a\u4e2d\u505a\u767d\u65e5\u68a6\u3002\u6211\u542c\u7740\u6606\u866b\u55e1\u55e1\u4f5c\u54cd\u3002\u6211\u60f3\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u53ea\u6709\u4e00\u4e9b\u5f88\u5c0f\u7684\u8111\u888b\uff0c\u6709\u4e9b\u53ea\u670910\u4e07\u4e2a\u5c0f\u795e\u7ecf\u5143\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e0d\u53ef\u80fd\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u6570\u5b66\u8ba1\u7b97\u3002\u4f46\u4ed6\u4eec\u80fd\u6253\u730e\u3001\u5403\u4e1c\u897f\u3001\u4ea4\u914d\uff0c\u5e76\u4e14\u5728\u6211\u6253\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u65f6\u5019\u4f1a\u8df3\u5f00\uff0c\u800c\u6211\u53ea\u5e0c\u671b\u6211\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u66f4\u7b80\u5355\u7684\u4e8b\u60c5\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u662f\u600e\u4e48\u505a\u5230\u8fd9\u4e9b\u4e8b\u60c5\u7684\u5462\uff1f\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u8eab\u4f53\u5404\u4e2a\u90e8\u5206\u7684\u7ed3\u6784\u7ec4\u7ec7\u4e00\u5b9a\u4e0d\u540c\u3002”<\/p>\n

“\u8fd9\u5c31\u662f\u6211\u7075\u611f\u7684\u8d77\u70b9\u3002”<\/p>\n

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\u4ec5\u589e\u52a0\u4e86\u4e00\u5c42\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u5c31\u4f7fAllen\u7684\u52a8\u4f5c\u66f4\u52a0\u590d\u6742\u3002\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5411Allen\u53d1\u9001\u4e86\u4e00\u6761\u65b0\u6307\u4ee4\uff1a\u63a2\u6d4b\u8f83\u8fdc\u7684\u5730\u65b9\u5e76\u8fd4\u56de\u3002\u8fd9\u9879\u7b2c\u4e09\u6761\u89c4\u5219\u53ef\u4ee5\u6291\u5236\u65e0\u76ee\u7684\u7684\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\uff0c\u9664\u975e\u7b2c\u4e00\u6761\u907f\u514d\u969c\u788d\u7684\u89c4\u5219\u751f\u6548\u3002\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u51b5\u4e0b\uff0c\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5e94\u8be5\u5728\u7ee7\u7eed\u63a2\u6d4b\u8f83\u8fdc\u7684\u5730\u65b9\u4e4b\u524d\u6062\u590d\u539f\u72b6\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u7f3a\u5c11\u9884\u5224\u7684\u524d\u63d0\u4e0b\uff0cAllen\u5b8c\u6210\u4e86\u6240\u6709\u6307\u4ee4\uff0c\u56e0\u4e3a\u6bcf\u7ec4\u4f20\u611f\u5668\u90fd\u83b7\u5f97\u4e86\u8db3\u591f\u7684\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u4ece\u800c\u8c03\u6574\u5176\u4ed6\u4e24\u5c42\u53cd\u9988\u5728\u8fdb\u884c\u7684\u5185\u5bb9\u3002\u8fd9\u4f7f\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u7684\u4e00\u4e9bAI\u524d\u8f88\u4eec\u56f0\u6270\u4e0d\u5df2\uff0c\u51e0\u5341\u5e74\u6765\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u4e3a\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u5904\u7406\u7684\u601d\u7ef4\u4e0e\u884c\u52a8\u7684\u8c61\u5f81\u6027\u8868\u5f81\u800c\u52aa\u529b\u3002\u4e24\u4f4d\u8457\u540d\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u540e\u6765\u544a\u8bc9\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff0c\u5f53\u4ed6\u5728\u67d0\u6b21\u4f1a\u8bae\u4e0a\u4ecb\u7ecdAllen\u65f6\uff0c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4eba\u66fe\u5411\u53e6\u4e00\u4e2a\u4eba\u8033\u8bed\u9053\uff1a“\u4e3a\u4ec0\u4e48\u8fd9\u4e2a\u5e74\u8f7b\u4eba\u8981\u629b\u5f03\u81ea\u5df1\u7684\u524d\u9014\uff1f”<\/p>\n

\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6ca1\u6709\u88ab\u5413\u9000\uff0c\u4ed6\u590d\u5236\u4e86Allen\u5728Tom and Jerry\u73a9\u5177\u8f66\u4e2d\u7684\u52a8\u4f5c\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u4ed6\u5236\u9020\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u68c0\u6d4b\u5e76\u6361\u8d77\u6c7d\u6c34\u7f50\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaHerbert\u548c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4e00\u516c\u65a4\u91cd\u7684\u516d\u6761\u817f\u673a\u5668\u4ebaGenghis\uff0c\u540e\u8005\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u4e0d\u5e73\u5766\u7684\u5730\u9762\u4e0a\u5feb\u901f\u79fb\u52a8\u3002<\/p>\n

1990\u5e74\uff0c\u5728\u4e00\u7bc7\u540d\u4e3a\u300aElephants Don’t Play Chess\u300b\u7684\u8bba\u6587\u4e2d\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8ba4\u4e3a\u4ed6\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u63ed\u793a\u4e86\u7ecf\u5178AI\u65b9\u6cd5\u7684\u7f3a\u70b9\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u65b9\u6cd5\u53ea\u662f\u5c06\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u590d\u6742\u6a21\u578b\u585e\u8fdb\u4e86\u65e0\u5b9e\u4f53\u7684\u7535\u5b50\u5927\u8111\u3002\u4e3a\u4ec0\u4e48\u4e0d\u8ba9\u673a\u5668\u81ea\u5df1\u53bb\u63a2\u7d22\u4e16\u754c\u5462\uff1f\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5199\u9053\uff1a“\u4e16\u754c\u5c31\u662f\u81ea\u5df1\u6700\u597d\u7684\u8001\u5e08\u3002\u4e16\u754c\u59cb\u7ec8\u662f\u6700\u65b0\u7684\uff0c\u5305\u542b\u7740\u6240\u6709\u6700\u65b0\u7684\u7ec6\u8282\u3002\u79d8\u8bc0\u5c31\u5728\u4e8e\u5bf9\u4e16\u754c\u9002\u5f53\u5730\u611f\u77e5\u3002”<\/p>\n

\u7ecf\u5178AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u4f1a\u62a8\u51fb\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u7684\u7b80\u5355\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u529f\u80fd\u6709\u9650\u3002\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8868\u793a\uff0c\u901a\u8fc7\u66f4\u590d\u6742\u7684\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u4ed6\u7684\u673a\u5668\u53ef\u4ee5\u6267\u884c\u66f4\u590d\u6742\u7684\u4efb\u52a1\u3002“\u540c\u6837\uff0c\u56e0\u4e3a\u5927\u8c61\u4e0d\u4e0b\u68cb\u5c31\u8ba4\u4e3a\u5927\u8c61\u4e0d\u503c\u5f97\u7814\u7a76\uff0c\u8fd9\u6837\u7684\u8bba\u65ad\u662f\u4e0d\u516c\u5e73\u7684\uff0c”\u4ed6\u5199\u9053\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8bc1\u660e\u4e86\u4ed6\u5728iRobot\u65f6\u63d0\u51fa\u7684\u89c2\u70b9\u3002iRobot\u7531\u4ed6\u4e0e\u4ed6\u7684\u4e24\u4e2a\u5b66\u751f\uff0c\u79d1\u6797·\u5b89\u683c\u5c14\uff08Helen Greiner\uff09\u548c\u6d77\u4f26·\u683c\u96f7\u7eb3\uff08Colin Angle \uff09\u4e8e1990\u5e74\u5171\u540c\u521b\u7acb\u3002iRobot\u4e3a\u7f8e\u56fd\u519b\u65b9\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u7528\u4e8e\u68c0\u6d4b\u548c\u6467\u6bc1\u5730\u96f7\u3001\u641c\u7d22\u788e\u77f3\uff0c\u6216\u4e3a\u58eb\u5175\u643a\u5e26\u88c5\u5907\u7684\u79fb\u52a8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\uff0c\u5e76\u4e8e2002\u5e74\u53d1\u5e03\u4e86Roomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u8fd8\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u6e05\u7406\u6392\u6c34\u6c9f\u3001\u5730\u677f\u3001\u6e38\u6cf3\u6c60\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u622a\u81f3\u76ee\u524d\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u5df2\u552e\u51fa2500\u4e07\u53f0\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u57282008\u5e74\u8054\u5408\u521b\u529e\u7684Rethink Robotics\u516c\u53f8\u5e76\u6ca1\u6709\u50cfiRobot\u4e00\u6837\u6210\u529f\u3002Rethink\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u548c\u5305\u88c5\u8bbe\u65bd\u4e2d\u4e0e\u4eba\u7c7b\u5171\u4e8b\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaBaxter\u548cSawyer\u3002\u4f46\u8fd9\u4e24\u6b3e\u4ea7\u54c1\u9700\u6c42\u75b2\u8f6f\uff0c\u53bb\u5e74\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u51fa\u552e\u4e86\u8fd9\u9879\u6280\u672f\u3002 \u76ee\u524d\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6b63\u5728\u521b\u529e\u4e00\u5bb6\u540d\u4e3aRobust.AI\u7684\u521b\u4e1a\u516c\u53f8\uff0c\u81f4\u529b\u4e8e\u4e3a\u4e00\u7cfb\u5217\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5f00\u53d1\u8f6f\u4ef6\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u8fc7\u53bb\u5341\u5e74\u4e2d\uff0c\u867d\u7136\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u79d1\u5b66\u5bb6\u901a\u8fc7\u795e\u7ecf\u7f51\u7edc\u548c\u5176\u4ed6AI\u6280\u672f\u53d6\u5f97\u4e86\u4ee4\u4eba\u77a9\u76ee\u7684\u8fdb\u6b65\uff0c\u4f46\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4ecd\u575a\u6301\u8ba4\u4e3a\u673a\u5668\u4e0d\u4f1a\u6210\u4e3a\u771f\u6b63\u7684\u667a\u80fd\u4ee3\u7406\uff0c\u9664\u975e\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e5f\u4e0e\u4e16\u754c\u8fdb\u884c\u7269\u7406\u63a5\u89e6\u3002\u8fd9\u79cd\u89c2\u5ff5\u4e0e\u6280\u672f\u4e13\u5bb6\u53d1\u751f\u51b2\u7a81\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u8ba4\u4e3a\u8d85\u5f3aAI\u65f6\u4ee3\u5373\u5c06\u6765\u4e34\uff0c\u4f46\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4ece\u672a\u60f3\u8fc7\u9006\u52bf\u800c\u884c\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u8bb8\u591a\u4eba\u629b\u5f03\u524d\u7a0b\u4f7f\u79d1\u5b66\u6280\u672f\u6210\u4e3a\u73b0\u5b9e\uff0c\u6211\u4eec\u65e0\u6cd5\u77e5\u6653\u8c01\u5c06\u83b7\u5f97\u6210\u529f\u3002\u8fd9\u662f\u4e00\u573a\u9700\u8981\u8017\u8d39\u5927\u91cf\u7cbe\u529b\u7684\u8d4c\u535a\uff0c\u4e5f\u8bb8\u6709\u4e00\u5929\u4eba\u4eec\u7684\u4ed8\u51fa\u4f1a\u83b7\u5f97\u56de\u62a5\u3002”<\/p>","pagecount":"0","saveremoteimage":"1","related":"0","modelid":"1","catid":"473","proid":null,"title":"\u73b0\u4ee3\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u4e4b\u7236\uff1a\u8d85\u5f3aAI\u53ea\u662f\u5e7b\u60f3 \u4eba\u7c7b\u5e94\u5f53\u987a\u52bf\u800c\u4e3a","url":"http:\/\/ai.techweb.com.cn\/2019-08-26\/2751204.shtml","thumb":"2019\/0826\/1566781268677.jpg","tags":["\u673a\u5668\u4eba","AI","\u73b0\u4ee3\u673a\u5668\u4eba"],"sourceid":"5641","source_link":"https:\/\/www.lieyunwang.com\/archives\/458191","published":"1566781269","sourcename":"\u730e\u4e91\u7f51","siteNav":{"473":{"catid":"473","url":"http:\/\/ai.techweb.com.cn","alias":"ai","name":"\u4eba\u5de5\u667a\u80fd"}}}" } } } [3]=> array(6) { ["file"]=> string(58) "/web/site/techweb.com.cn/library/techweb/model/content.php" ["line"]=> int(148) ["function"]=> string(5) "setex" ["class"]=> string(13) "Predis\Client" ["type"]=> string(2) "->" ["args"]=> array(3) { [0]=> string(28) "techweb_www_article_27512041" [1]=> int(600) [2]=> string(14583) "{"contentid":"2751204","subtitle":"","author":"Brian Bergstein","editor":"\u8a79\u54f2","description":"1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c\u00b7\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002\n\n","content":"

1984\u5e74\u7684\u67d0\u5929\uff0c\u7f57\u5fb7\u5c3c·\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff08Rodney Brooks\uff09\u5728\u6cf0\u56fd\u7684\u5bb6\u4e2d\u611f\u5230\u708e\u70ed\u3001\u65e0\u804a\u3001\u5b64\u72ec\u3002\u6b63\u662f\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u5f62\u4e4b\u4e0b\uff0c\u4ed6\u7075\u5149\u4e4d\u73b0\uff0c\u4ea7\u751f\u6539\u53d8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u6280\u672f\u9886\u57df\u53d1\u5c55\u7684\u7075\u611f\uff0c\u5e76\u6700\u7ec8\u4f7fRoomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8d70\u8fdb\u6570\u767e\u4e07\u4e2a\u5bb6\u5ead\u3002<\/p>\n

\u90a3\u4e00\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5373\u5c06\u6b65\u5165\u800c\u7acb\u3002\u4f5c\u4e3a\u9ebb\u7701\u7406\u5de5\u5b66\u9662\u7684\u4e00\u540d\u65b0\u6210\u5458\uff0c\u4ed6\u52aa\u529b\u4f7f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5728\u4e16\u754c\u8303\u56f4\u5185\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002\u5982\u679c\u53ef\u4ee5\uff0c\u4ed6\u53ef\u80fd\u4f1a\u5e0c\u671b\u79d1\u5e7b\u5c0f\u8bf4\u4e2d\u7684\u573a\u666f\u6210\u4e3a\u73b0\u5b9e\uff1a\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u8fdb\u5165\u5371\u9669\u7684\u5730\u65b9\uff0c\u63a2\u7d22\u5468\u56f4\u7684\u60c5\u5f62\uff0c\u6216\u8005\u6253\u626b\u6211\u4eec\u7684\u623f\u5c4b\u3002<\/p>\n

\u867d\u7136\u81ea20\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u4ee5\u6765\uff0c\u56fa\u5b9a\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u624b\u81c2\u5c31\u5df2\u7ecf\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u4e2d\u6267\u884c\u91cd\u590d\u4efb\u52a1\uff0c\u4f46\u79fb\u52a8\u5f0f\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5374\u9c9c\u5c11\u5f97\u4ee5\u5e94\u7528\u3002Shakey\u5c31\u662f\u4e00\u4e2a\u65e9\u671f\u7684\u4f8b\u5b50\u300221\u4e16\u7eaa60\u5e74\u4ee3\u672b\u548c70\u5e74\u4ee3\u521d\uff0cSRI International\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86Shakey\u8fd9\u79cd\u7b28\u91cd\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u3002\u4e3a\u4e86\u80fd\u5728\u5145\u6ee1\u5927\u578b\u969c\u788d\u7684\u623f\u95f4\u4e2d\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\uff0cShakey\u9700\u8981\u5f3a\u5927\u7684\u8ba1\u7b97\u80fd\u529b\u652f\u6301\u3002\u56e0\u6b64\uff0cShakey\u4e0e\u4e3b\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u901a\u8fc7\u65e0\u7ebf\u94fe\u63a5\u3002<\/p>\n

AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u8bd5\u56fe\u901a\u8fc7\u7b97\u6cd5\u7b80\u5316Shakey\u7684\u901a\u7528\u8bbe\u7f6e\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u7b97\u6cd5\u53ef\u4ee5\u826f\u597d\u7ed3\u5408\u673a\u5668\u7684\u603b\u4f53\u89c4\u5212\u80fd\u529b\u3002\u5b9e\u9645\u4e0a\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e00\u7814\u7a76\u7684\u8fdb\u5c55\u975e\u5e38\u7f13\u6162\u300220\u4e16\u7eaa70\u5e74\u4ee3\u540e\u671f\uff0c\u65af\u5766\u798f\u5927\u5b66\u7684\u6c49\u65af·\u83ab\u62c9\u7ef4\u514b\uff08Hans Moravec\uff09\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u4e00\u79cd\u63a8\u8f66\uff0c\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u505c\u8f66\u3001\u62cd\u7167\u548c\u89c4\u5212\u4e0b\u4e00\u6b65\u52a8\u4f5c\u4e4b\u524d\u7ee7\u7eed\u884c\u8fdb\u4e00\u6bb5\u65f6\u95f4\u3002\u8fd9\u8f86\u8f66\u53ef\u4ee5\u907f\u5f00\u623f\u95f4\u91cc\u7684\u969c\u788d\u7269\uff0c\u4f46\u6bcf15\u5206\u949f\u53ea\u524d\u8fdb\u4e00\u7c73\u3002<\/p>\n

1984\u5e74\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u91c7\u7528\u4e86\u5927\u81f4\u76f8\u4f3c\u7684\u601d\u8def\u3002\u5728\u4e00\u4e2a\u9879\u76ee\u4e2d\uff0c\u4ed6\u6b63\u5728\u7814\u7a76\u5f53\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u66f4\u65b0\u5468\u56f4\u73af\u5883\u5730\u56fe\u65f6\uff0c\u5982\u4f55\u4f7f\u7528\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u6cd5\u89e3\u91ca\u5176\u8fd0\u52a8\u7684\u4e0d\u7cbe\u786e\u6027\u3002\u4ed6\u56de\u5fc6\u9053\uff0c\u5728\u4e0e\u5f53\u65f6\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u5c0f\u513f\u5b50\u53bb\u6cf0\u56fd\u524d\u4e00\u4e2a\u6708\uff0c\u4ed6\u5728\u4e00\u5f20\u7eb8\u4e0a\u5199\u6ee1\u4e86\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u7a0b\u5f0f\uff0c\u4ed6\u79f0\u4e4b\u4e3a“\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u6700\u65e0\u804a\u7684\u7eb8”\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u6fb3\u5927\u5229\u4e9a\u957f\u5927\u7684\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5e76\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u6cf0\u8bed\u3002\u800c\u4ed6\u59bb\u5b50\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u4ed6\u8bf4\uff1a“\u5f53\u6211\u7684\u59bb\u5b50\u548c\u5979\u7684\u5bb6\u4eba\u5728\u4e00\u8d77\u65f6\uff0c\u5979\u4e0d\u8bf4\u82f1\u8bed\u3002\u6240\u4ee5\u6211\u53ea\u80fd\u5750\u5728\u90a3\u91cc\u53d1\u5446\uff0c\u82b1\u65f6\u95f4\u53bb\u601d\u8003\uff0c\u5728\u70ed\u6d6a\u4e2d\u505a\u767d\u65e5\u68a6\u3002\u6211\u542c\u7740\u6606\u866b\u55e1\u55e1\u4f5c\u54cd\u3002\u6211\u60f3\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u53ea\u6709\u4e00\u4e9b\u5f88\u5c0f\u7684\u8111\u888b\uff0c\u6709\u4e9b\u53ea\u670910\u4e07\u4e2a\u5c0f\u795e\u7ecf\u5143\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e0d\u53ef\u80fd\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u6570\u5b66\u8ba1\u7b97\u3002\u4f46\u4ed6\u4eec\u80fd\u6253\u730e\u3001\u5403\u4e1c\u897f\u3001\u4ea4\u914d\uff0c\u5e76\u4e14\u5728\u6211\u6253\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u65f6\u5019\u4f1a\u8df3\u5f00\uff0c\u800c\u6211\u53ea\u5e0c\u671b\u6211\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u505a\u4e00\u4e9b\u66f4\u7b80\u5355\u7684\u4e8b\u60c5\u3002\u4ed6\u4eec\u662f\u600e\u4e48\u505a\u5230\u8fd9\u4e9b\u4e8b\u60c5\u7684\u5462\uff1f\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u8eab\u4f53\u5404\u4e2a\u90e8\u5206\u7684\u7ed3\u6784\u7ec4\u7ec7\u4e00\u5b9a\u4e0d\u540c\u3002”<\/p>\n

“\u8fd9\u5c31\u662f\u6211\u7075\u611f\u7684\u8d77\u70b9\u3002”<\/p>\n

\u6606\u866b\u4e0d\u4f1a\u8bc4\u4f30\u6bcf\u79cd\u60c5\u51b5\uff0c\u8003\u8651\u5404\u79cd\u9009\u9879\uff0c\u7136\u540e\u8ba1\u5212\u6bcf\u6b21\u52a8\u4f5c\u3002\u76f8\u53cd\uff0c\u4ed6\u4eec\u7684\u5927\u8111\u4f9d\u9760\u7ecf\u8fc7\u6570\u4ebf\u5e74\u78e8\u7ec3\u7684\u53cd\u9988\u5faa\u73af\u9a71\u52a8\u3002\u611f\u5b98\u4fe1\u606f\u4f7f\u4ed6\u4eec\u4ee5\u7279\u5b9a\u7684\u65b9\u5f0f\u4f5c\u51fa\u53cd\u5e94\uff1b\u8fd9\u4e9b\u53cd\u5e94\u76f8\u4e92\u7ec4\u5408\u4ea7\u751f\u4e86\u5feb\u901f\u3001\u51c6\u786e\u7684\u884c\u4e3a\u3002\u56e0\u6b64\uff0c\u5f53\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u56de\u5230\u5251\u6865\u65f6\uff0c\u4ed6\u4e0d\u518d\u5c1d\u8bd5\u7528\u590d\u6742\u7684\u6570\u5b66\u65b9\u6cd5\u7f16\u5199\u673a\u5668\u4eba\uff0c\u76f8\u53cd\uff0c\u4ed6\u5f00\u59cb\u4f7f\u7528\u7b80\u5355\u7684\u89c4\u5219\u7f16\u5199\u8f6f\u4ef6\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4ed6\u5c06\u901a\u8fc7\u8fd9\u79cd\u65b9\u5f0f\u5efa\u9020\u7684\u7b2c\u4e00\u53f0\u673a\u5668\u547d\u540d\u4e3aAllen\uff0c\u4ee5\u7eaa\u5ff5AI\u7814\u7a76\u5458Allen Newell\u3002\u8fd9\u6b3e\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5f62\u4f3c\u4e00\u4e2a\u5012\u7f6e\u7684\u5783\u573e\u6876\uff0c\u914d\u5907\u4e86\u58f0\u7eb3\u63a2\u6d4b\u7269\u4f53\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u4e3a\u5b83\u7f16\u5199\u4e86\u4e00\u4e2a\u57fa\u672c\u6307\u4ee4\uff1a\u4e0d\u4e71\u6253\u4e1c\u897f\u3002\u9047\u5230\u4eba\u65f6\uff0cAllen\u4f1a\u9759\u6b62\u4e0d\u52a8\uff0c\u76f4\u5230\u4eba\u4eec\u8d70\u5f00\u624d\u4f1a\u7ee7\u7eed\u524d\u8fdb\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u589e\u52a0\u4e86\u7b2c\u4e8c\u4e2a\u53cd\u9988\u5faa\u73af\uff1a\u4f7f\u673a\u5668\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\u3002\u73b0\u5728\uff0c\u53ea\u9700\u4e00\u4e9b\u4f20\u611f\u5668\u548c\u8fd9\u4e24\u4e2a\u4e3b\u8981\u6307\u4ee4\uff0cAllen\u5c31\u53ef\u4ee5\u7a7f\u8fc7\u4e00\u4e2a\u62e5\u6324\u7684\u623f\u95f4\uff0c\u5e76\u8ddf\u4e0a\u4e00\u4e2a\u6162\u8d70\u7684\u4eba\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4ec5\u589e\u52a0\u4e86\u4e00\u5c42\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u5c31\u4f7fAllen\u7684\u52a8\u4f5c\u66f4\u52a0\u590d\u6742\u3002\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5411Allen\u53d1\u9001\u4e86\u4e00\u6761\u65b0\u6307\u4ee4\uff1a\u63a2\u6d4b\u8f83\u8fdc\u7684\u5730\u65b9\u5e76\u8fd4\u56de\u3002\u8fd9\u9879\u7b2c\u4e09\u6761\u89c4\u5219\u53ef\u4ee5\u6291\u5236\u65e0\u76ee\u7684\u7684\u81ea\u7531\u79fb\u52a8\uff0c\u9664\u975e\u7b2c\u4e00\u6761\u907f\u514d\u969c\u788d\u7684\u89c4\u5219\u751f\u6548\u3002\u5728\u8fd9\u79cd\u60c5\u51b5\u4e0b\uff0c\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5e94\u8be5\u5728\u7ee7\u7eed\u63a2\u6d4b\u8f83\u8fdc\u7684\u5730\u65b9\u4e4b\u524d\u6062\u590d\u539f\u72b6\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5728\u7f3a\u5c11\u9884\u5224\u7684\u524d\u63d0\u4e0b\uff0cAllen\u5b8c\u6210\u4e86\u6240\u6709\u6307\u4ee4\uff0c\u56e0\u4e3a\u6bcf\u7ec4\u4f20\u611f\u5668\u90fd\u83b7\u5f97\u4e86\u8db3\u591f\u7684\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u4ece\u800c\u8c03\u6574\u5176\u4ed6\u4e24\u5c42\u53cd\u9988\u5728\u8fdb\u884c\u7684\u5185\u5bb9\u3002\u8fd9\u4f7f\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u7684\u4e00\u4e9bAI\u524d\u8f88\u4eec\u56f0\u6270\u4e0d\u5df2\uff0c\u51e0\u5341\u5e74\u6765\u4ed6\u4eec\u4e00\u76f4\u5728\u4e3a\u8ba1\u7b97\u673a\u5904\u7406\u7684\u601d\u7ef4\u4e0e\u884c\u52a8\u7684\u8c61\u5f81\u6027\u8868\u5f81\u800c\u52aa\u529b\u3002\u4e24\u4f4d\u8457\u540d\u7684\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u540e\u6765\u544a\u8bc9\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\uff0c\u5f53\u4ed6\u5728\u67d0\u6b21\u4f1a\u8bae\u4e0a\u4ecb\u7ecdAllen\u65f6\uff0c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4eba\u66fe\u5411\u53e6\u4e00\u4e2a\u4eba\u8033\u8bed\u9053\uff1a“\u4e3a\u4ec0\u4e48\u8fd9\u4e2a\u5e74\u8f7b\u4eba\u8981\u629b\u5f03\u81ea\u5df1\u7684\u524d\u9014\uff1f”<\/p>\n

\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6ca1\u6709\u88ab\u5413\u9000\uff0c\u4ed6\u590d\u5236\u4e86Allen\u5728Tom and Jerry\u73a9\u5177\u8f66\u4e2d\u7684\u52a8\u4f5c\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u4ed6\u5236\u9020\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u68c0\u6d4b\u5e76\u6361\u8d77\u6c7d\u6c34\u7f50\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaHerbert\u548c\u4e00\u4e2a\u4e00\u516c\u65a4\u91cd\u7684\u516d\u6761\u817f\u673a\u5668\u4ebaGenghis\uff0c\u540e\u8005\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u4e0d\u5e73\u5766\u7684\u5730\u9762\u4e0a\u5feb\u901f\u79fb\u52a8\u3002<\/p>\n

1990\u5e74\uff0c\u5728\u4e00\u7bc7\u540d\u4e3a\u300aElephants Don’t Play Chess\u300b\u7684\u8bba\u6587\u4e2d\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8ba4\u4e3a\u4ed6\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u63ed\u793a\u4e86\u7ecf\u5178AI\u65b9\u6cd5\u7684\u7f3a\u70b9\uff0c\u8fd9\u4e9b\u65b9\u6cd5\u53ea\u662f\u5c06\u4e16\u754c\u4e0a\u590d\u6742\u6a21\u578b\u585e\u8fdb\u4e86\u65e0\u5b9e\u4f53\u7684\u7535\u5b50\u5927\u8111\u3002\u4e3a\u4ec0\u4e48\u4e0d\u8ba9\u673a\u5668\u81ea\u5df1\u53bb\u63a2\u7d22\u4e16\u754c\u5462\uff1f\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u5199\u9053\uff1a“\u4e16\u754c\u5c31\u662f\u81ea\u5df1\u6700\u597d\u7684\u8001\u5e08\u3002\u4e16\u754c\u59cb\u7ec8\u662f\u6700\u65b0\u7684\uff0c\u5305\u542b\u7740\u6240\u6709\u6700\u65b0\u7684\u7ec6\u8282\u3002\u79d8\u8bc0\u5c31\u5728\u4e8e\u5bf9\u4e16\u754c\u9002\u5f53\u5730\u611f\u77e5\u3002”<\/p>\n

\u7ecf\u5178AI\u7814\u7a76\u4eba\u5458\u4f1a\u62a8\u51fb\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u7684\u7b80\u5355\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u529f\u80fd\u6709\u9650\u3002\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8868\u793a\uff0c\u901a\u8fc7\u66f4\u590d\u6742\u7684\u53cd\u9988\uff0c\u4ed6\u7684\u673a\u5668\u53ef\u4ee5\u6267\u884c\u66f4\u590d\u6742\u7684\u4efb\u52a1\u3002“\u540c\u6837\uff0c\u56e0\u4e3a\u5927\u8c61\u4e0d\u4e0b\u68cb\u5c31\u8ba4\u4e3a\u5927\u8c61\u4e0d\u503c\u5f97\u7814\u7a76\uff0c\u8fd9\u6837\u7684\u8bba\u65ad\u662f\u4e0d\u516c\u5e73\u7684\uff0c”\u4ed6\u5199\u9053\u3002<\/p>\n

\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u8bc1\u660e\u4e86\u4ed6\u5728iRobot\u65f6\u63d0\u51fa\u7684\u89c2\u70b9\u3002iRobot\u7531\u4ed6\u4e0e\u4ed6\u7684\u4e24\u4e2a\u5b66\u751f\uff0c\u79d1\u6797·\u5b89\u683c\u5c14\uff08Helen Greiner\uff09\u548c\u6d77\u4f26·\u683c\u96f7\u7eb3\uff08Colin Angle \uff09\u4e8e1990\u5e74\u5171\u540c\u521b\u7acb\u3002iRobot\u4e3a\u7f8e\u56fd\u519b\u65b9\u5f00\u53d1\u4e86\u7528\u4e8e\u68c0\u6d4b\u548c\u6467\u6bc1\u5730\u96f7\u3001\u641c\u7d22\u788e\u77f3\uff0c\u6216\u4e3a\u58eb\u5175\u643a\u5e26\u88c5\u5907\u7684\u79fb\u52a8\u673a\u5668\u4eba\uff0c\u5e76\u4e8e2002\u5e74\u53d1\u5e03\u4e86Roomba\u626b\u5730\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u968f\u540e\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u8fd8\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u6e05\u7406\u6392\u6c34\u6c9f\u3001\u5730\u677f\u3001\u6e38\u6cf3\u6c60\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002\u622a\u81f3\u76ee\u524d\uff0c\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u5df2\u552e\u51fa2500\u4e07\u53f0\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u3002<\/p>\n

\u4f46\u662f\uff0c\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u57282008\u5e74\u8054\u5408\u521b\u529e\u7684Rethink Robotics\u516c\u53f8\u5e76\u6ca1\u6709\u50cfiRobot\u4e00\u6837\u6210\u529f\u3002Rethink\u7814\u53d1\u4e86\u53ef\u4ee5\u5728\u5de5\u5382\u548c\u5305\u88c5\u8bbe\u65bd\u4e2d\u4e0e\u4eba\u7c7b\u5171\u4e8b\u7684\u673a\u5668\u4ebaBaxter\u548cSawyer\u3002\u4f46\u8fd9\u4e24\u6b3e\u4ea7\u54c1\u9700\u6c42\u75b2\u8f6f\uff0c\u53bb\u5e74\u8be5\u516c\u53f8\u51fa\u552e\u4e86\u8fd9\u9879\u6280\u672f\u3002 \u76ee\u524d\u5e03\u9c81\u514b\u65af\u6b63\u5728\u521b\u529e\u4e00\u5bb6\u540d\u4e3aRobust.AI\u7684\u521b\u4e1a\u516c\u53f8\uff0c\u81f4\u529b\u4e8e\u4e3a\u4e00\u7cfb\u5217\u673a\u5668\u4eba\u5f00\u53d1\u8f6f\u4ef6\u3002<\/p>\n

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